The Transportation Improvement Program (TIP) is a program management tool for structuring metropolitan transportation related projects. Its is a program and schedule of intended transportation improvements (or continuations of current activities) usually covering a four (4) year period, developed as part of the process of applying for Federal funds from the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) and the Federal Transit Administration (FTA). The TIP should be considered the implementing tool of the 20 year Metropolitan Transpiration Plan (MTP).
The Metropolitan Planning Organization (MPO) designated for a metropolitan area, in cooperation with the State(s) and affected transit operators, shall develop the TIP. For St. Joseph, the State shall mean the Missouri Department of Transportation (MoDOT) and the Kansas Department of Transportation (KDOT). The MPO shall provide citizens, affected employee representatives, private providers of transportation, and other interested parties with a reasonable opportunity to comment on the proposed program.
The TIP shall be updated at least once every two years and shall be approved by the MPO and the Governor(s), wherein it is incorporated into each state’s respective Statewide Transportation Improvement Program (STIP) by reference. It shall contain a priority list of projects to be carried out within each 4-year period or at least be grouped by year. Also, it shall provide a constrained financial plan that is capable of being implemented.
Under regulations governing urban transportation planning as perscribed jointly by the Federal Highway Administration and the Federal Transit Administration, the St. Joseph Area Transportation Study Organization (SJATSO), as the designated MPO, has the responsibility of developing the TIP for the metropolitan planning area. The TIP, by regulation, is to be incorporated into the STIP without modification.